About Sundarban National Park

Spans over around 10,000 sq km of area, the Sundarbans forest is shared between the two countries, India and Bangladesh. Around 4,262 km sq of the total forest area is in India and the remaining part is in Bangladesh. The Indian part of the Sundarbans forest constitutes the Sundarbans National Park. Known for the biggest mangrove forest in the world, the national park has everything to entice nature lovers as well as wildlife lovers. From dense mangrove forest to the numerous river channels crisscrossing the forest and the beautiful estuaries along with a large number of Royal Bengal Tiger and other wild animals, these all together make the entire forest into an amazing landscape to be visited and viewed at least once in life. Declared as a UNESCO heritage site, this park has its own charm to attract tourists at this place.

The Sundarbans national park is situated at the South Eastern periphery of the 24 Paraganas district in West Bengal, an eastern state in India. The name of the Sundarbans forest has been drawn from a mangrove plant known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor). The forest of the Sundarbans is located in the world’s largest delta, which is formed by three rivers named Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Around 2585 sq km of the Indian Sundarbans region is occupied as the National Park and make it the largest National Park and Tiger reserve in India. Around 2,125 sq km of total area of 4,262 sq km of the Sundarbans is occupied by the mangrove forest and the rest area is occupied by the water bodies across the 56 islands that constitute the forest.

Flora in Sundarbans National Park:

The Sundarban forest is the largest mangrove forest in the world so undoubtedly the mangrove tree is the prime fauna of this region. This tree has a unique ability to stand and stay alive in the inundated land for a long time. The spikes of this tree rise up from their roots which help in respiration and support the Mangrove Plants. An exquisite variety of mangrove tree, one of a special kind, named ‘Sundari’ is found in abundance here, which also is the reason of naming the forest as Sundarbans. More than 300 species of plants are found in the entire Sundarbans region.

Fauna in Sundarbans National Park:

The Royal Bengal Tigers, at the apex of the food chain, are ruling the Sundarbans National Park with their massive population that crosses 400 counts. Here in the Sundarbans, the royal Bengal tigers have developed an exceptional attribute of swimming in the salty water, and also are infamous for their man-eating penchant. However, tigers are the prime focus for the tourists here, but apart from this beautiful striped beast, there are various other fauna enrich the park with their grace and also attract wildlife lovers equally. The other fauna attractions which are in abundance in Sundarbans are Fishing cats, Leopard, Macaques, Wild boar, Wild Buffaloes, Rhinoceros, Indian mongoose, Jungle cat, Fox, Flying fox, Pangolin, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Chital along with the saltwater crocodiles and various species of snakes.

Along with the animals, the park also boasts of its richness in avifauna. The exotic birds commonly found here are openbill storks, black-capped kingfishers, black-headed ibis, coots, water hens, pheasant-tailed jacanas, brahminy kite, pariah kites, marsh harriers, swamp partridges, red junglefowl, spotted doves, common mynahs, jungle crows, jungle babblers, cotton teals, herring gulls, Caspian terns, gray herons, common snipes, wood sandpipers, green pigeons, rose ringed parakeets, paradise-flycatchers, cormorants, grey-headed fish eagles, white-bellied sea eagles, seagulls, common kingfishers, peregrine falcons, woodpeckers, whimbrels, black-tailed godwits, little stints, eastern knots, curlews, golden plovers, northern pintails, white-eyed pochards and whistling teals.

Climate of Sundarbans National Park:

The climate in Sunderbans forest is generally soothing and pleasant with the temperature ranging from the 20 degree Celsius to 48 degree Celsius. As the region is in the proximity of the Bay of Bengal, the humidity is fairly high around 80% and also sees heavy rainfall. During the summer season, which stays from March to May, the climate is hot and humid. The monsoon season starts from mid-May and lasts till mid-September. During this time period, the atmosphere is humid and windy. Being located near the sea, the area often sees storms during May and October which even turns into the cyclones. From October to February is the winter season and the climate is comparatively cold.

SAFARI TIMING :

For the second to none Safari experience in Sunderbans, visitors can revel in the place from sunrise to sunset.The safaris range from a day, and if you can’t get enough of the wild beauty, you have the opportunity to book the boat for up to a week.
Boat Safari Timing: The boat service is available from early morning at 8:30 AM to the approaching dawn time of 16:00 PM.

Note: No boat is allowed inside Sunderban after 6.30 PM.